Langerhans cells are essential components of the angiogenic niche during murine skin repair

December 19, 2022

Renee Wasko, Kate Bridges, Rebecca Pannone, Ikjot Sidhu, Yue Xing, Shruti Naik, Kathryn Miller-Jensen, Valerie Horsley

Developmental Cell

Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels, occurs during development, injury repair, and tumorigenesis to deliver oxygen, immune cells, and nutrients to tissues. Defects in angiogenesis occur in cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases, and chronic, non-healing wounds, yet treatment options are limited. Here, we provide a map of the early angiogenic niche by analyzing single-cell RNA sequencing of mouse skin wound healing. Our data implicate Langerhans cells (LCs), phagocytic, skin-resident immune cells, in driving angiogenesis during skin repair. Using lineage-driven reportersw, three-dimensional (3D) microscopy, and mouse genetics, we show that LCs are situated at the endothelial cell leading edge in mouse skin wounds and are necessary for angiogenesis during repair. These data provide additional future avenues for the control of angiogenesis to treat disease and chronic wounds and extend the function of LCs beyond their canonical role in antigen presentation and T cell immunity.